Access and Benefit Sharing (ABS)

The ABS system and the Nagoya Protocol also apply to non-commercial academic research

The Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing to the Convention on Biological Diversity (Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization (ABS) to the Convention on Biological Diversity) is a supplementary agreement to the Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD). It was adopted on 29 October 2010 by the Parties to the CBD at the occasion of their 10th Conference in Nagoya, Japan.

The Nagoya Protocol substantiates the CBD’s ABS regulations. It is meant to provide greater legal certainty and transparency for both providers and users of genetic resources. It sets out core obligations for its contracting Parties to take measures in relation to access to genetic resources, benefit-sharing and compliance.

Providers are to establish clear rules and procedures for prior informed consent and mutually agreed terms. In addition, they will have to establish national focal points that serve as contact points for ABS information and for granting access. User countries are to take measures to secure compliance regarding the conditions and procedures required by the providing party, among others by taking measures to monitor the utilization of the genetic resources.

The ABS system and the Nagoya Protocol also apply to non-commercial academic research. If and how provider states implement the system at national level – that is the requirement of Prior Informed Consent and the negotiation of Mutually Agreed Terms - depends on the political decision of each individual Party. For parties to the CBD that have not (yet) ratified the Nagoya Protocol, the basic obligations of the CBD remain applicable.

The protocol explicitly recognizes the importance of research for conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity. Parties shall therefore create conditions that promote such research. This includes simplified measures with regard to access for non-commercial research purposes.

Useful tip:

When trying to access genetic resources abroad, the first step is to contact the National Focal Point to the Intergovernmental Committee for the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit-sharing of the providing country. Link

  • Eventi
  • Notizie
  • Pubblicazioni

South Center
  • 2016
  • Articolo

Innovation and Global Intellectual Property Regulatory Regimes: The Tension between Protection and Access

The South Centre recently published Research Paper No. 67: "Innovation and Global Intellectual Property Regulatory Regimes: The Tension between Protection and Access", authored by Nirmalya Syam and Viviana Munoz Tellez.
set 9
Biodiversity conservation
  • Conferenza pubblica
  • Bern

Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing: Rights and duties in scientific research

- Participants are informed about the ABS system, the Nagoya Protocol and its implementation in Switzerland
- Participants know the consequences of the Nagoya Protocol for scientific research
- Participants are aware of the rights and duties relating to Nagoya Protocol
- Participants are informed about the supporting tools and know how to proceed
News Entrée en vigueur ordonnance de Nagoya
  • 10.02.2016
  • Swiss National Science Foundation
  • Notizie

Entry into force of the Nagoya Ordinance

The Nagoya Ordinance came into force on 1 February 2016. The SNSF has added sections on Access and Benefit Sharing to its application forms.
Science et politique (P. Blanc)
  • 21.01.2015
  • Notizie

La biodiversité est entrée en politique

Il s’agit aujourd’hui d’aller à l’essentiel: la Suisse se trouve en plein débat pour définir comment elle mettra en oeuvre la Stratégie Biodiversité Suisse, adoptée par le Conseil fédéral en 2012. Des chercheurs se sont réunis le 16 janvier 2015 avec des personnes de la politique, de l’administration et des ONG lors du congrès «Biodiversité et politique : créer une dynamique» pour discuter des stratégies gagnantes. Près de 220 scientifiques et experts ont répondu à l’invitation du Forum Biodiversité Suisse.


Swiss Forum Biodiversity
Laupenstrasse 7
3008 Bern | Switzerland

Tel +41 (0)31 306 93 41

Logo von Kommission für Forschungspartnerschaften mit Entwicklungsländern

Commission for Research Partnerships with Developing Countries

La KFPE è il punto d’informazione centrale per la ricerca del nord e del sud in Svizzera sia per i ricercatori sia per i destinatari della ricerca. S’impegna per una collaborazione di ricerca efficiente ed efficace su un piano di parità con paesi in via di sviluppo e in fase di transizione. Così contribuisce allo sviluppo duraturo e alla soluzione di problemi globali.

Further information (International)

World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

European Commission

Specific to collections, food and agriculture

Botanic Gardens Conservation International

Micro-Organisms & Culture Collections

International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture