Swiss Academies Factsheets

Swiss academies factsheets
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Swiss academies factsheets
Swiss academies factsheets

Scientific experts contribute to the publication series “Factsheets” of the Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences. Factsheets are short and concise presentations of a topic based on state-of-the-art research. They are designated for politics, administration, practice, education, media and further interested groups.

  • Serie di pubblicazioni

Outdoor Sports Infrastructure Planning – Hiking and Mountain Biking
  • 2016

Outdoor Sports Infrastructure Planning – Hiking and Mountain Biking

Hiking and mountain biking are extremely popular sports activities. Especially in mountain areas, they are the two main summertime leisure activities. Many natural habitats, however, have been affected by the frequent presence of large numbers of people; conflicts between different kinds of users have also arisen. This factsheet presents various planning tools for conflict prevention or resolution, and provides an overview of likely future challenges.
« Ozone et smog estival: les changements climatiques menacent les succès d’aujourd’hui »
  • 2016

Ozone et smog estival: les changements climatiques menacent les succès d’aujourd’hui

La concentration d’ozone dans l’air en Suisse n’a que légèrement diminué malgré des mesures de protection de l’air appliquées avec succès. Par conséquent, le smog estival est toujours nocif pour la santé de l’homme. Avec le réchauffement climatique, les étés caniculaires tels que ceux de 2003 et 2015 pourraient devenir plus fréquents et à nouveau aggraver les problèmes d’ozone.
Factsheet «New plant breeding techniques for Swiss agriculture – significant potential, uncertain future»
  • 2016

Factsheet «New plant breeding techniques for Swiss agriculture – significant potential, uncertain future»

The genetic makeup of plants can be modified precisely by means of new breeding techniques. Typically, these changes could also occur naturally and, in the process, no genetic material that is unrelated to the species remains in the plant. The techniques significantly broaden the possibilities for plant breeding, thereby potentially helping to make Swiss agriculture more environmentally friendly, economically viable and ultimately more sustainable.1 As some varieties developed by using the new breeding techniques already exist and new ones are expected to follow shortly, it is imperative to determine whether or not plants engineered by means of these new techniques are subject to the Gene Technology Act. From a natural scientific point of view, there is no reason for a strict regulation of plants bred in this fashion.
Stratégie énergétique et santé (PDF)
  • 2016

Stratégie énergétique et santé – ce dont il faudra tenir compte pour la mise en œuvre de la Stratégie énergétique 2050

La mise en oeuvre prévue de la Stratégie énergétique 2050 élaborée par le Conseil fédéral aura des répercussions sur le secteur de l’énergie et sur l’économie, mais pourrait également avoir des conséquences sur la santé de la population. Ce factsheet donne un aperçu des aspects sanitaires concernés par les mesures préconisées. Il expose en outre des solutions visant à éviter les effets négatifs. Ces solutions, qui sont largement connues, auront, indépendamment de la stratégie poursuivie, des effets bénéfiques sur la santé.
Making the Commodity Sector Work for Developing Countries
  • 2016

Making the Commodity Sector Work for Developing Countries - Local Impacts, Global Links, and Knowledge Gaps

Switzerland occupies an important position in the global trade of hard and soft commodities. Companies headquartered within its borders directly or indirectly shape commodity extraction practices around the world, some of which carry considerable negative environmental and social risks on the ground, particularly in fragile contexts. Minimizing these risks and maximizing shared economic gains could enable mutually beneficial development and counteract persistent social and political inequality.
Switzerland  and the Commodities Trade
  • 2016

Switzerland and the Commodities Trade - Taking Stock and Looking Ahead

This factsheet outlines key challenges, knowledge gaps, and research questions centring on Switzerland’s role and potential responsibility as a leading commodity hub. It concludes with suggestions of possible avenues for future research and policy.
Editore

Accademie svizzere delle scienze