|What is the three types of knowledge tool?||The three types of knowledge tool serves reformulating research questions in order to check what (societal) knowledge demands the questions meet. Three versions of a research question are generated, each stressing a different type of knowledge:
On the basis of the different versions, the most relevant one with respect to (societal) knowledge demands can jointly be identified.
|Why should it be applied?||When formulating research questions, researchers generally follow the standards of their thought style. Whether this answers relevant (societal) knowledge demands is unclear. The three types of knowledge tool reveals some of the implicitly applied standards and allows for jointly deliberating and deciding on the relevant question(s) to pose.|
There is no publication on the type of knowledge tool as a method.
The three types of knowledge were first described in:
ProClim 1997. Research on Sustainability and Global Change - Visions in Science Policy by Swiss Researchers. CASS/SANW: Berne.
The different research questions the three types of knowledge relate to are briefly discussed in:
Pohl C, Hirsch Hadorn G 2008. Methodological challenges of transdisciplinary research. Natures Sciences Sociétés, V16, N2, pp 111-121.
Pohl C, Hirsch Hadorn G 2007. Principles for Designing Transdisciplinary Research - proposed by the Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences. München: oekom verlag, pp 36-39.